Transport management

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A Transportation Management System (TMS) is specialized software for planning, executing and optimizing the shipment of goods. Users perform three main tasks in a TMS: Find and compare the rates (prices) and services of carriers available to ship a customer's order, book the shipment and then track its movement to delivery.[1]

The broader goals of using a TMS are to improve shipping efficiency, reduce costs, gain real-time supply chain visibility and ensure customer satisfaction. Shippers and carriers are the primary users of TMS software. Manufacturers, distributors, e-commerce organizations, wholesalers, retailers and third-party logistics providers (3PLs) are also major users of TMS software.[1]

A TMS is one of the core technologies used in supply chain management (SCM), a discipline that encompasses supply chain execution (SCE) and supply chain planning (SCP). TMSes are available as standalone software or as modules within enterprise resource planning (ERP) and SCM suites.[1]

What is transportation and logistic[edit]

Transportation is defined as the movement of people, animals and goods from one location to another. Modes of transport include air, rail, road, water, cable, pipeline and space. The field can be divided into infrastructure, vehicles and operations. Transportation is important since it enables trade between people, which in turn establishes civilizations. Logistic is process of planning, implementing, and controlling procedures for the efficient and effective transportation and storage of goods including services, and related information from the point of origin to the point of consumption for the purpose of conforming to customer requirements.[2]

Transportation Management[edit]

Transportation logistics management is an integral part of delivering goods from suppliers to customers. Everything and everyone involved in the delivery of products or materials is encompassed by supply chain management, including transportation logistics management.[3]

Transportation managers oversee the development and maintenance of transportation systems. Undergraduate or graduate degrees in transportation management are available and prepares graduates for a variety of positions. Transportation management workers supervise many aspects of transportation systems, including planning, logistics, maintenance and repair. These managers focus on getting materials, people and goods from one place to another while considering safety, efficiency and cost. They can expect to manage financial aspects of transportation systems, including budgets and expenditures. Transportation managers need specialized knowledge about topics such as traffic operations, planning methods, system operation, marketing, accounting and statistics. Transportation management professionals work in the private sector, managing the transportation and distribution networks of businesses, as well as for local, state and federal governments in a variety of roles.[4]

Solutions[edit]

This is the list of the leading TMS solutions:

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 David Essex and Shraddha Kakade. "transportation management system (TMS)". TechTarget.
  2. Adam Robinson. "What is Transportation and Logistics Management?". Cerasis.
  3. "What Is Transportation Logistics Management?". Learn.org.
  4. "Transportation Management". Study.com.